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Mindfulness Vs Meditation: What’s The Difference?

ByRobert Coleman

Jun 11, 2023
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Read Time:10 Minute, 30 Second

Both mindfulness and meditation have gained popularity in recent years as ways to reduce stress and promote well-being. However, many people are still confused about what sets these practices apart.

Mindfulness and meditation are both powerful tools for cultivating awareness and inner peace, but they involve different techniques and approaches. Understanding the differences between these practices can help you choose the one that’s right for you and make the most of your mindfulness or meditation practice. In this article, we’ll explore the key differences between mindfulness and meditation and how each can benefit your mental and physical health.

History Of Meditation And Mindfulness

Meditation and mindfulness have a rich historical background that dates back several centuries. Their origins can be traced back to traditional Eastern cultures such as Hinduism, Buddhism, and Taoism, where they were considered to be vital components of spiritual and mental development.

Meditation has been practiced for thousands of years, with evidence of its use found in ancient Indian scriptures known as the Vedas, which were written over 5,000 years ago. Meditation was also an essential practice in the ancient Buddhist tradition, with the Buddha himself teaching various meditation techniques to his followers.

Mindfulness, on the other hand, has its roots in Buddhist meditation practices, where it was used as a means of cultivating a clear and alert mind. The term “mindfulness” itself was popularized by Jon Kabat-Zinn, who founded the Stress Reduction Clinic at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center in the late 1970s.

Throughout history, meditation and mindfulness have served as crucial components of spiritual, cultural, and religious life across the world. In Hinduism, meditation was seen as a means of connecting with the divine while in Buddhism, it was used as a path towards enlightenment. Traditional Chinese medicine also incorporated meditation as a holistic approach to physical and mental well-being.

Notable figures such as Thich Nhat Hanh, Eckhart Tolle, and Deepak Chopra have played significant roles in popularizing meditation and mindfulness practices in Western culture. The development of various meditation apps, such as Headspace and Calm, has also made the practice more accessible and appealing to a wider audience.

The Difference Between Mindfulness And Meditation

Mindfulness and meditation are often used interchangeably, despite being two distinct practices. In this article, we’ll explore the difference between mindfulness and meditation and how they each offer unique benefits for our physical and mental well-being. From mindfulness-based stress reduction to types of meditation like deep breathing and body scans, we’ll dive into the various techniques and applications of mindfulness and meditation practices.

What Is Meditation?

Meditation involves training the mind to achieve a more stable and clear state of awareness. It involves focusing the mind on a particular object, thought, or activity with the aim of achieving mental clarity, inner peace, and relaxation.

There are two main types of meditation: concentrative and mindfulness meditation. Concentration meditation requires one to focus their attention on a single point, such as their breath or a mantra. Mindfulness meditation, on the other hand, involves paying attention to the present moment, without judgment or distraction.

To practice meditation, start by finding a quiet and comfortable place where you won’t be disturbed. Set a timer for your desired amount of time, perhaps starting with a few minutes and gradually increasing as you become more comfortable with the practice. Sit in a comfortable position with your back straight and shoulders relaxed. Close your eyes and begin paying attention to your breath. Focus on the sensation of the breath entering and leaving your body. Allow any thoughts that come to mind to drift without judgment, simply returning your focus to your breath.

There are many types of meditation that one can practice, from loving-kindness meditation to body scan meditation. Loving-kindness meditation involves directing warm and loving thoughts toward oneself and others. Body scan meditation involves focusing on each part of the body sequentially and relaxing those muscles.

Meditative practices can also be found within religious and cultural contexts. From Buddhist Zen meditation to Christian contemplative prayer, many religious and cultural traditions incorporate meditation as a means of achieving spiritual growth, connection, and enlightenment.

What Is Mindfulness?

Mindfulness is a practice of being fully present in the present moment. It involves paying attention to your surroundings and your thoughts, without judgment or distraction. Mindfulness encourages you to observe your thoughts, feelings, and bodily sensations without reacting to them. This practice can help reduce stress, anxiety, and promote a deeper sense of self-awareness.

To practice mindfulness in daily life, one can simply start by being fully present in each activity they engage in. Whether it’s washing dishes, taking a shower, or eating a meal, pay attention to each moment and experience it fully. Mindfulness can also be practiced through deep breathing exercises. By taking a few deep breaths and focusing only on the breath entering and leaving the body, you can calm your mind and become more grounded in the present moment. Another way to practice mindfulness is to take a mindful walk in nature. Pay attention to the sounds, smells, and sights around you, and focus your attention on each step you take.

The difference between daily mindfulness and formal mindfulness meditation is that formal mindfulness meditation involves intentionally setting aside time for a meditation practice. This could involve sitting in a quiet space and focusing on the breath, body, or an object. The intention of this form of meditation is to develop a habit of mindfulness that can be carried into daily life activities.

It is important to use relatable examples when explaining mindfulness so that it can be more accessible to readers. For instance, when driving, instead of getting lost in thought, focus on the sensation of your hands on the steering wheel, the sound of the engine, and the scenery around you. Recognizing the sensations around you and grounding yourself in the present moment is an excellent way to cultivate mindfulness. Another example could be during a meal, taking a moment to fully experience the flavors and textures of each bite and paying attention to how it makes your body feel.

Types Of Meditation

Meditation has become a popular method of managing stress and improving mental health. However, not all types of meditation are alike. There are various techniques and methods one can choose to practice, each with its unique benefits. In this article, we will be exploring some of the different types of meditation.

Breath-awareness Meditation: This is a simple and accessible form of meditation that involves focusing on the natural flow of the breath. The practice requires sitting in a comfortable position while paying attention to the inhalation and exhalation of air. The technique helps to calm the mind, reduce stress, and increase feelings of peace and relaxation.

Loving-Kindness Meditation: This type of meditation is often used to develop feelings of compassion and kindness towards oneself and others. The practice involves silently repeating phrases of goodwill, such as “May I be happy” or “May you be healthy” while directing these sentiments towards oneself, a loved one, an acquaintance, and ultimately, towards all living beings. The technique helps to reduce negative feelings like anger and resentment and promote feelings of positivity and goodwill.

Mantra-based Meditation: This type of meditation involves the repetition of a word, phrase, or sound, known as a mantra. The practice requires focusing on the sound and vibration of the mantra, rather than on thoughts and external distractions. It is thought to promote a sense of deep relaxation and reduce stress and anxiety.

Visualization Meditation: This type of meditation involves using imagination to create a peaceful and calming mental image. The practice requires closing your eyes and visualizing a serene environment or scenery. The technique helps to reduce anxiety and stress, promote relaxation, and boost mood.

Movement Meditation: This type of meditation involves moving your body in a deliberate and intentional way, such as through yoga, tai chi, or even a simple walking practice. The technique helps to reduce stress and anxiety, improve physical health and flexibility, and promotes a clear mind.

Body-scan Meditation: This type of meditation involves focusing on the physical sensations in your body, with the intention of bringing awareness to each part of the body. The practice requires lying down in a comfortable position as you scan through each body part, noting any physical sensations that come up. The technique helps to reduce stress and anxiety, promote relaxation and self-awareness.

Candle Meditation: This type of meditation involves focusing on the flame of a candle. The practice requires sitting in a comfortable and quiet space as you focus your gaze on the flickering flame of a candle. The technique helps to promote focus, concentration, and relaxation.

Sound Bath Meditation: This type of meditation involves listening to calming and soothing sounds, often through the use of singing bowls, chimes, or other instruments. The practice requires lying down as you listen to these sounds, allowing them to wash over you and promote relaxation and inner calm.

Transcendental Meditation: This type of meditation involves repeating a specific sound or mantra and, as thoughts come up, acknowledging and letting them go. The technique helps to promote deep relaxation and reduce stress, but may require the help of a meditation teacher.

Benefits Of Practicing Mindfulness And/Or Meditation

Practicing mindfulness and meditation have numerous benefits for both physical and mental health. Mindfulness refers to the practice of being fully present and engaged in the current moment, whereas meditation refers to a diverse set of techniques used to train the mind to focus and relax.

One of the most compelling benefits of mindfulness and meditation practices is their ability to alleviate chronic pain. A study published in the Journal of Pain found that mindfulness-based interventions were effective in reducing the severity of chronic pain in both clinical and non-clinical populations. Mindfulness meditation can also help reduce anxiety disorders, emotional disorders, and other medical conditions.

By training the mind to focus on the present moment, mindfulness and meditation can help alleviate symptoms of anxiety and depression. Regular practice can help reduce the frequency, intensity, and duration of these symptoms, while also promoting feelings of relaxation, inner peace, and wellbeing.

Mindfulness meditation has also been shown to have a positive effect on the brain, including increasing grey matter density in the hippocampus, improving focus and attention, and enhancing cognitive flexibility. Meditation has also been shown to activate the parasympathetic nervous system, which helps reduce cortisol levels and alleviate stress.

Clinical studies have also demonstrated the health benefits of mindfulness-based interventions. These interventions have been shown to improve physical health outcomes such as blood pressure, immune function, and inflammatory markers. They can also bolster mental health outcomes, including alleviating symptoms related to anxiety, depression, and PTSD.

Incorporating both daily awareness of mindfulness and formal meditation into one’s lifestyle can be a strong stress management tool. Practicing mindfulness in the present moment can help one navigate daily stressors with greater ease, while formal meditation can help strengthen one’s capacity to cultivate a focused and relaxed mind.

Practicing mindfulness and meditation carry a host of health benefits for both one’s physical and mental health, including alleviating chronic pain, reducing anxiety and depression symptoms, and promoting cognitive and brain health. Regular mindfulness and meditation practice, both as part of daily awareness and formal meditation, can help individuals relieve stress and support overall wellness.


In conclusion, while meditation and mindfulness are often used interchangeably, there are differences between the two practices. Mindfulness is a tool to be used throughout daily life, whereas meditation is a more structured practice for cultivating a focused and relaxed mind.

The history of mindfulness and meditation practices is rich and diverse, with roots in ancient spiritual traditions from around the world. Today, various types of meditation exist, including mindful meditation, transcendental meditation, loving-kindness meditation, concentrative meditation, movement meditation, and more.

The benefits of practicing mindfulness and meditation are numerous and well-documented. They have been shown to alleviate symptoms of anxiety, depression, chronic pain, and other medical conditions, while also promoting feelings of relaxation, inner peace, and wellbeing. These practices can also improve brain function, physical health outcomes, and mental health outcomes.

Incorporating mindfulness and meditation into our daily lives can be a powerful tool for managing stress and improving overall wellbeing. With regular practice, we can strengthen our capacity to cultivate a focused and relaxed mind, navigate daily stressors with greater ease, and enjoy the many benefits that come with these practices.

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